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  2. UPDATE: Essential Issues of the Chilean Legal System
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Cuadro 3. Denuncias por robo. Casos por El INE ajusta la cifra a En este caso el delito no disminuye sino que cambia de escenario. El delito es un acto de la voluntad, por eso es repudiado por la sociedad y es juzgado y sancionado por el Estado. El control de las circunstancias del hecho delictual no hacen desaparecer al delincuente y su voluntad. De igual manera, cuando afirmamos que todos los hombres son mortales eso no nos permite sostener que todos los mortales son hombres.

En Chile hay 3. A la vez, la sociedad adulta admira e imita lo juvenil y, contradictoriamente, teme y rechaza a la juventud. Simplemente sabemos que la violencia es una manera de resolver conflictos, en concreto es el empleo del dolor para doblegar la voluntad del otro. Mortalidad accidental, hombres, Francia, , OMS. Mortalidad accidental,hombres,Holanda, , OMS. Detenidos robo violencia, Chile, , Paz Ciudadana. Detenidos por lesiones, Chile, , Paz Ciudadana. Detenidos por drogas, Chile, , Paz Ciudadana.

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Es de destacarse que la diferencia que entre el numero de casos por Si bien el Su pensamiento lo completa en con Richard Herrnstein en The Bell Curve, Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life 28 donde postulan que las diferencias cognitivas de los individuos son las causas de las desigualdades sociales y raciales. Una demanda firme sostiene el negocio. Utilizando la brecha entre el impacto y el conocimiento, los datos se pueden esconder, negar y distorsionarse. Se pueden movilizar contrargumentos. En todo caso la ley La decouverte, Paris, Coubert, J.

Documentos de debate: Seguridad Sostenible 1.

GOGGLE Co - Estudios Sobre El Código Civil Chileno, Volume 5 (Spanish Edition) Download

Barcelona, Approval requires two readings in each House of the National Congress, with three-fifths or two-thirds of the votes of the respective members. The kind of law depends on the specific matter that it is intended to regulate. Note : In some matters, like labor, there exist several laws. Sometimes, the Congress decides to refund all the laws in a new code. For that purpose, Congress grants to the President the faculty to refund and unify the several laws in one Code, but without modifying the articles.

UPDATE: Essential Issues of the Chilean Legal System

In other cases, there exists only have one text, the same law where the legislator can add some changes, maintaining the number of the law. This is the case for the Tax Law; it has several changes, but in fact has maintained its number since Within the process of modernization of the public institutions, the Chilean governments of the last decade considered it extremely important to implement a radical reform to the criminal legal system described above, enacting several laws since The main purpose of the Reform — the most transcendental reform experienced by the Chilean criminal regulation in its whole history — is to incorporate the respect of human rights and international standards regarding the justice administration programs performed in Chile.

The Reform aims to shape such programs pursuant to the social, political, economic and cultural development experienced by Chilean society in the last decades. The core element of this new system, which is an accusatory one instead of the former inquisitive system, is that the different stages of the process will be handled by different institutions, in order to guarantee the impartiality of the judges, the efficiency of the investigation and the transparency of the whole process. The process can last no longer than a few months, instead of the three or more years which were the average extent of any process within the former system.

This benefits important aspects of the criminal procedure such as the quality of the evidence and witnesses presented by the prosecutor and the defender, and the right of the prosecuted to remain free or to be set free if there are no legal grounds to find him or her guilty within a short period of time. After the investigation period, provided it has not been finished by a brief or summarized procedure measures stated in order to clear the work of the courts , the trial itself takes place. During the trial, which is developed in a public and oral session, the prosecutor and the defender intervene.

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The parties present their respective evidence, arguments and requirements before a criminal court comprised of three judges, who until such moment were not familiar with the case. The most remarkable improvement of the Reform is that it applies important principles of the due process of law, such as the impartiality, the transparency, the immediate appreciation of the evidence by the court, the quickness of the procedure, the efficiency in managing the resources available, the due defense of the prosecuted, the protection that the State grants to witnesses and victims, and the special attention that the State provides to the latter helping them to overcome the consequences of the crime.

The judiciary constitutes an autonomous and independent branch of government not subject to any other. The principle of jurisdictional unity is the basis of the organization and operation of the tribunals. The exercise of jurisdictional power in any type of process passing judgments and having judgments executed belongs exclusively to the courts and tribunals as determined by the laws, according to the norms on the competence and procedure which they establish.

The Chilean judicial system is historically divided into three levels: Supreme Court , Courts of Appeals and tribunal of first instance or lower level. See more at the Ministerio de Justicia. The Supreme Court has the administrative and regulatory control of all judges. There are 17 courts of appeals and a lot of ordinary judges the first level , divided into civil and criminal matters, family and labor. There are also judges in taxation Tribunal Tributario y Aduanero matters at the first level. It must review statutes before they are enacted in abstracto control.

This authority must declare a law or an act with the force of law inapplicable or unconstitutional. In the first case, the norm ceases to have effect but only in the specific case where is declared. In the second case, the norm ceases to have effect in general terms.

The Constitutional Court consists of ten members: three members appointed by the Supreme Court, three members appointed by the President, and the last four chosen by the Senate - two appointed by Senate solely and two chosen by the Senate from a Chamber of Deputies proposal.

The Controloria General de le Republica is an autonomous entity of technical nature part of the executive branch. It is in charge of the control of the legal aspects, management and auditing of all the activities of the centralized and decentralized civil service, whatever its forms of organization may be, as well as of other powers granted by law. It must take part in the approval or rejection of the revenue and investment accounts of public funds. The Central Bank of Chile is an autonomous entity of technical nature created in accordance with constitutional provisions, has full legal capacity, possesses its own assets and has an indefinite duration.

The Bank shall, with regard to its duties and authority, be governed exclusively by the provisions of the Basic Constitutional Act of the Central Bank of Chile and it shall not be bound for any legal purposes, by provisions present or future, general or special, enacted for the public sector.

The Bank shall have as its purpose to look after the stability of the currency and the normal functioning of the internal and external payment systems. The authority of the Bank, for these purposes, shall include that of regulating the amount of currency and credit in circulation, the performance of credit transactions and foreign exchange, as well as the issuance of regulatory provisions regarding monetary, credit, financing and foreign exchange matters.

Chile is divided into several administrative levels. It has the legal duty to publish the state official bulletin. The public portal Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional offers an updated, free of charge, practical way to access Chilean legislation in Spanish , while you can access jurisprudence in the public portal of judiciary power who also has its own site. You have pay access to these private databases in Thompson Reuters and Diario Oficial.

Both databases are, in general, reliable and based on official data. English translations are scarce. Some organizations like the Internal Revenue Service offer some help on tax matters in English. There are complete statistical data about law schools in Chile in rankinguniversidades and about Chilean universities at Rankia Published February Previously updated by Fernando J. Table of Contents 1.

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Basic Structure of the Chilean Legal System 2. Constitutional Principles 3. Government Structure 4. Types of Legislation 4. Ordinary Laws 4. Decree or Delegated Laws 4. Amendments to the Constitution 4. Regarding the Criminal Procedure Reform in Chile 5. The Court System 5. Public Prosecutor 5. Constitutional Court 5. Electoral Court 5. Banco Central 6.

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Administrative Organization 7. Information Sources 7. English translations 7. Top 10 Law Schools 7. Legal Research Centers 7.

Chilean Law Journals 7. Institutional Legal Blogs 7.